Unit – IX
Rise of Indian Nationalism: Social and Economic basis of Nationalism.
Birth of Indian National Congress; Ideologies and Programmes of the Indian
National Congress, 1885-1920: Early Nationalists, Assertive Nationalists and Revolutionaries.
Swadeshi and Swaraj.
Gandhian Mass Movements; Subas Chandra Bose and INA; Role of Middle Class in National Movement; Women Participation in National Movement.
Left Wing Politics.
Depressed Class Movement.
Communal Politics; Muslim League and Genesis of Pakistan.
Towards Independence and Partition.
India after Independence: Challenges of Partition; Integration of the Indian Princely States; Kashmir, Hyderabad & Junagarh.
B.R. Ambedkar – The making of the Indian Constitution, its Features.
The Structure of Bureaucracy.
New Education Policy.
Economic Policies and the Planning process; Development, Displacement and Tribal Issues.
Linguistic Reorganisation of States; Centre-State Relations.
Foreign Policy Initiatives – Panchsheel; Dynamics of Indian Politics-Emergency; Liberalisation, Privatisation & Globalisation of Indian Economy.